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History of discovery by Alfred Bernhard Nobel Dynamite

Posted by Muhammad Jibril on Senin, 30 April 2012

Dynamite is one of the types of bombs or explosives are very dangerous. although dangerous but more dangerous dynamite hell. hehehehehehe, want to know how the story of the origin of the dynamite which was greatly feared the emergence of this? The following story.

Name: Alfred Bernhard Nobel Born: Stockholm, Sweden, October 21, 1833 Achievements: Founder of the Nobel Prize and Raw Materials Explosives (Dynamite) Father: Immanuel Nobel

Background Alfred was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His father was Immanuel Nobel and his mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. Alfred's father is an engineer and inventor, he built bridges, buildings, and experimenting with various ways in blasting rocks.

Alfred had two older brother, namely Robert (born 1829) and Ludvig (born 1831). In the same year when Alfred was born, his father lost business and closed. In 1837, Immanuel Nobel decided to try his luck elsewhere and moved to Finland and Russia. Alfred's mother stayed in Stockholm caring for her family. Alfred's mother - who come from wealthy families - began to open grocery stores. From there he could support his family.

Move to Russia Meanwhile, businesses in St Immanuel Nobel. Petersburg, Russia began to climb. It has opened a machine shop that supplies equipment for Russian soldiers. He also made the Russian Tsar and his generals believed that sea mines can be used to repel enemy ships and attack St. Petersburg. Mines that dispels the United Kingdom entered the Navy firing range St. Petersburg during the Crimean War (1853-1856).

Because success in Russia, now Immanuel could move his family to St. Louis. Petersburg (in 1842). In 1843, Andriette birth son named Emil. The son of Noble received education from a tutor. They accept a variety of subjects such as natural sciences, languages ​​and literature. At age 17, Alfred was fluent and writes in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German. Travelling abroad Alfred was very interested in the fields of language, chemistry, and physics. His father wanted to follow in his footsteps and do not appreciate the talent in the poetry of Alfred. He decided to send his son abroad to study and become a chemical engineer. In Paris, Alfred worked in the private laboratory of Professor TJ Pelouze, famous chemists. There he met the Italian chemist, Ascanio Sobrero.

After the first three years, Sobrero has found nitroglycerine, a liquid high explosive, which was considered too dangerous to use. Alfred became very interested in nitroglycerine and its use in construction work. When he returned to Russia after his studies, he worked with his father to develop nitroglycerine as an explosive material that is commercially and technically useful.

Back to Sweden After the Crimean War ended, Alfred's father's business he decided to resign and return to Sweden. Second brother Alfred, Robert and Ludvig, stayed in Russia to try to manage the family business heritage. They succeed and continue to develop the oil industry in southern Russia. After the return of the Nobel family to Sweden 1863, Alfred concentrate developing nitroglycerine as an explosive. Unfortunately, this experiment led to the disaster which killed several people including his brother, Emil. The Swedish government decided to ban this experiment in Stockholm city limits.

Alfred did not stop and continued his experiments on a barge on Lake Mälaren. In 1864, he could begin mass production of nitroglycerin, but he did not stop the experiment with a variety of additional materials to secure production. The inventor of dynamite Alfred finds his experiments-that-through a mixture of nitroglycerin with kieselguhr fine soil will change the liquid into a paste that can be formed into the shaft, which then included in the drill hole. This discovery occurred in 1866. Alfred obtain a patent on this material the following year. He called it dynamite. He also found a detonator or blasting cap that can be lit with the light axis. This discovery was made while wearing the crown of the diamond drill and drill the wind started to be used in general. Used together, the discoveries that help reduce the losses a lot of construction work such as drilling channels, rock blasting, bridge construction, and so forth. Factories in many places Dynamite and detonator cap behavior in the construction industry. Therefore, Alfred can build factories in 90 different places.

He lived in Paris but often travel to factories in more than 20 countries. He once described as "Europe's richest vagabond". He worked intensively in San Remo (Italy), Hamburg (Germany), Ardeer (Scotland), Paris and Sevran (France), Karlskoga and Stockholm (Sweden). He also tried to make rubber and synthetic leather and artificial silk. In addition, he also makes gelatin, balistit, artificial gemstones, and others. Until his death in 1896, he has obtained 355 patents Bertha von Suttner Alfred never married. One day, he announced in newspapers to recruit a secretary. Women Austria-Hungary which Bertha Kinsky von und Chinic Tettau take the job. After working in a short time, he returned to Austria to marry Prince Arthur von Suttner. Alfred and Bertha Sophie Felicitas Baronin von Suttner became permanent friends and corresponded for years. Berthapun active in peace movements. He wrote a book Dispose of your weapon.

When writing his will to establish the Nobel Prizes, Alfred Nobel prizes for entering the body or individuals who promote peace Death and the Nobel Prize Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that a lot of wealth can be used to give prizes to those who have made humanitarian efforts in the field of physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology and medicine. Not everyone likes this. His relatives contested his will and questioned by authorities in several countries, and takes four years for supervisors to convince all parties to meet the expectations of Alfred. In 1901, the first Nobel prize in physics, chemistry, literature, physiology and medicine were distributed in Stockholm, Sweden and the Nobel Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway Nobel Discovery Benefits

1. Explosives are very useful in the manufacture of dynamite to the defense of each State.
2. The raw material of dynamite can also be used in the manufacture of weapons by a certain type.
3. The use of explosives such as dynamite useful in blasting rocks and mining.
4. Nobel discovery is what led to the birth of more terrible series of explosive that is nuclear.
5. Is pioneering the creation of a tool - a useful tool for humans, for example korekapi.
6. Kegiantanya can help people in everyday situations, for military troops explosives just to cut steel or wood, the destruction of enemy forces or mobilization of troops and other sabotage.

Negative impact from Nobel discovery

1. Misuse of explosives, causing loss
 2. The emergence of the terrorists who use explosives to bomb the interest group with an area of ​​enemy.
3. The emergence of various wars that use explosives
4. Many criminal cases who use firearms
5. Environmental damage, especially if used to bomb fish, coral reef ecosystem is damaged.
6. If there was an explosion, the effect will stay in that area so would disrupt the balance of nature. The impact of the discovery is so dangerous that the Nobel laureate gave all his property to world peace and the Nobel prize as his guilt.

thank you,,,
hopefully useful and keep the spirit ,,,,,,,,,

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