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Blues music history

Posted by Muhammad Jibril on Minggu, 26 Juni 2011

Blues is known as a vocal and instrumental music stream originating from the United States (U.S.). The music began to grow rapidly in the 19th century AD comes from spiritual music and chanted the usual compliment of black African communities in the U.S.. Music that applying the blue notes and the pattern of call and response that the U.S. public believed popularized by 'Mr Blues'-WC Handy (1873-1958).

Would you believe that Blues music is rooted in Muslim tradition Initially, the public in the country, Uncle Sam did not believe it. However, a writer and scientist and researcher at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in New York, Sylviane Diouf, managed to convince the public that the Blues have a relationship with the tradition of Muslim societies in West Africa

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To prove the links between American blues music with Muslim tradition, Diouf play two recordings. The first diperdengarkannya to the public who were present in a room at Harvard University is the rebound prayer-call for Muslims to prayer pilgrimage. After that, Diouf plays Levee Camp Holler.
The second recording is the old blues song that first appeared in the Mississippi Delta about 100 years ago. Levee Camp Holler is not a blues song is fairly common. The song was created by the black community of West African Muslim origin who worked in the post-Civil War America.
Levee Camp Holler lyrics of the song that was played Diouf it sounded like a voice call to prayer-include the glory of God. Like the call to prayer rebound, the song emphasizes the words that sound vibrates. According to Diouf, nasal style that between Levee Cam Holler Blues songs similar call to prayer also was evidence of linkage between the two.
Public who were present in the room was also amazed with the truth revealed evidence Diouf. "The applause was thunderous, because the relationship between American blues music with Muslim tradition is clearly evident," said Diouf. "They said, 'Wow, really sound the same. Blues was really rooted in there (Islamic tradition) '. "
Jonathan Curiel in his writings titled, Muslim Roots, U.S. Blues, revealed that the American public need to thank the Muslims from West Africa who live in America. Around the year 1600 until mid 1800 AD, many black residents of West Africans forcibly brought to America and made slaves.
According to historians, about 30 percent of West African slaves who were forcibly employed in the United States that are Muslim. "Although the master was forced to embrace Christianity, but many slaves from Africa were still running the Islamic religion and culture came from," said Curiel.
They still sing the verses of the Koran every day. However, history also notes that Muslim sailors from West Africa were the first to discover the Americas before Columbus. "Needless to say, the Muslims have been historically influential in the evolution of American society a few centuries before Christopher Columbus found it," said Fareed H. Numan in the American Muslim History A Chronological Observation.
Curiel added, other influences are given a religious community of black Muslims in America to Blues music is the musical instruments they can play. In the era of slavery in America, whites ban them for drumming, for fear that would foster the spirit of resistance of the slaves.
However, the use of stringed instrument usually played by Muslims from Africa are still allowed to play because it is considered similar to a violin. Professor of Ethnomusikologi from Mainz University, Germany, named Professor Gehard Cubic said the American banjo music instruments also come from Africa.
In particular, Prof. Cubic write a book about his relationship with Blues music of Islamic civilization in West Africa entitled, Africa and the Blues, published by University Press of Mississippi in 1999. "I'm sure many Blues singers today who do not realize that their sound patterns imitate musical traditions of the Muslims in Arabic" he said.
In academic Prof Cubic has proven it. "Blues singer vocal style mostly using melisma, wavy intonation. Vocal style as it is the heritage of the communities in West Africa who have been in contact with the Islamic world since the 7th century and 8 M, "he explained. Melisma use a lot of tone in one syllable.
Meanwhile, wavy intonation is a series of switches from major to minor scale and back again. It is very commonly used when the Muslim call to prayer and reading the Koran chanted. With that fact, said Prof. Cubic, researchers should acknowledge that Blues music is rooted in Islamic traditions that flourished in West Africa.
Although it has been proven academically, but still there are many who do not acknowledge the influence of African traditions of Muslim communities in Blues music. "Non-Muslims are very difficult to believe that fact, because they do not have enough knowledge about the Islamic civilization and Islamic music," says Barry Danielian, a trumpeter who performed with Paul Simon, Natalie Cole and Tower of Power.
Voice call to prayer and reflection Quranic verses commonly sung by black Muslims in America contains musicality. "In my congregation, says Danielian who lives in Jersey City, New Jersey, 'When we got together and the priest came there were hundreds of people and we chanted prayers, certainly sounds very musical. You will hear a musical is like an American called the Blues. '"That's the Islamic tradition in the U.S. has spawned a stream of music called Blues

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